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Primitivo/ Zinfandel Wine

The red wine Primitivo is made from a red grape variety that is cultivated primarily in California today and is also known as Zinfandel or Crljenak, a very old Croatian grape. In 1999 the Californian oenologist Caroline Meredith initiated a DNA analysis which definitively proved that these three vines are, in fact, the same variety. Wine experts assume that the cultivar was imported to America from Southeast Europe.

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Costarossa Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2018 - Surani
Costarossa Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2018 - Surani
Masseria Surani
8.28 £* £8.72 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£11.04 * / 1 liter(s))
70007-IT-RW-PR-925-11
Tip!
TANK No 32 Primitivo Appassimento 2018 - Cantine Minini
TANK No 32 Primitivo Appassimento 2018 - Cantine Minini
Cantine Minini
7.81 £* £8.13 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£10.41 * / 1 liter(s))
70125-IT-RW-PR-007-16
Tip!
Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2017 - Pietra Pura
Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2017 - Pietra Pura
Pietra Pura
9.10 £* £9.40 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£12.13 * / 1 liter(s))
70015-IT-RW-PR-005-11
Tip!
Sessantanni Primitivo di Manduria DOP 2015 - Cantine San Marzano
Sessantanni Primitivo di Manduria DOP 2015 - Cantine San Marzano
Cantine San Marzano
22.52 £*
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£30.03 * / 1 liter(s))
70342-IT-RW-PR-503-11
NEW
Gran Maestro Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2016 - Cielo e Terra
Gran Maestro Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2016 - Cielo e Terra
Cielo e Terra
8.71 £*
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£11.61 * / 1 liter(s))
70697-IT-RW-PR-007-16
Tip!
Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento 2018 - Carlo Botter
Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento 2018 - Carlo Botter
Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
7.79 £*
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£10.39 * / 1 liter(s))
70126-IT-RW-PR-001-13
Tip!
I Muri Primitivo Puglia IGP 2017 - Vigneti del Salento
I Muri Primitivo Puglia IGP 2017 - Vigneti del Salento
Farnese Vini
5.24 £* £6.57 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£6.99 * / 1 liter(s))
70336-IT-RW-PR-0012-14
Tip!
organic
Doppio Passo Bio Primitivo Puglia IGT 2018 - CVCB
Doppio Passo Bio Primitivo Puglia IGT 2018 - CVCB
Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
7.73 £*
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£10.31 * / 1 liter(s))
70217-IT-RW-PR-003-16
Tip!
Carlone Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2017 - Cantina Sampietrana
Carlone Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2017 - Cantina Sampietrana
Cantina Sampietrana
7.34 £*
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£9.79 * / 1 liter(s))
70015-IT-RW-PR-009-14
Tip!
I Tratturi Primitivo Puglia IGT 2018 - Cantine San Marzano
I Tratturi Primitivo Puglia IGT 2018 - Cantine San Marzano
Cantine San Marzano
6.83 £* £7.34 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£9.11 * / 1 liter(s))
70342-IT-RW-PR-501-12
Tip!
NEW
Primitivo di Manduria Riserva DOC 2016 - Conte di Campiano
Primitivo di Manduria Riserva DOC 2016 - Conte di Campiano
Conte di Campiano
10.29 £*
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£13.72 * / 1 liter(s))
70697-IT-RW-PR-005-15
Primitivo Puglia IGT 2017 - Mandorla
Primitivo Puglia IGT 2017 - Mandorla
Mandorla
5.87 £* £6.36 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£7.83 * / 1 liter(s))
70015-IT-RW-PR-008-13
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Primitivo Wine – Primary Wine Growing Regions

The variety was imported to North America around 1825 by the Long Island nurseryman George Gibbs. His ‘Imperial Collection’ included all of the grape varieties known in Austria-Hungary at the time. The name Zinfandel likely came about due to a mix-up with the name Zierfandler, which is a white grape variety native to Austria and has nothing to do with the Primitivo/ Zinfandel. 

Italian Primitivo wines come primarily from the Apulian wine growing regions Manduria and Puglia. One example is the popular Sessantanni Primitivo di Manduria from the DOC of the same name. Since the onset of the 1990s, Zinfandel cultivation has grown to an area of around 20 000 hectares. Zinfandel is an extremely popular wine grape variety in the USA, second only to the Cabernet Sauvignon.

Many Californian Zinfandels were originally considered low-priced mass products, however with selective crop reduction and the switch to traditional production methods, many wineries now produce international first-class wines. The Zinfandel is of no particular importance outside of Italy and the USA. Even hybrids or clones of this variety are practically unheard of.

 

The Optimum Terroir for Primitivo

The maritime climate in Apulia and along the Californian Pacific Coast is ideal for this variety. The vines thrive best in arid, well-drained soil and a warm but not hot, sunny location. Determining the optimal harvest time is a challenge for vintners as the grapes are very susceptible to botrytis cinerea (grey rot, noble rot). Because the grapes ripen unevenly, manual picking is generally unavoidable. 
High quality Primitivo and Zinfandel wines often reach an alcohol content of 13 to 15 per cent by volume. They unfold complex and rich aromas. Spice notes with hints of black pepper, cloves or cinnamon but also slightly metallic blackberry tones are characteristic for these wines. They are often matured for a very long time, however they shouldn’t be cellared for more than four to eight years. The classic  Primitivo/ Zinfandel is a bold, dry red wine, but rosés and blanc des noirs are also produced.

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