Primitivo/ Zinfandel Wine

The red wine Primitivo is made from a red grape variety that is cultivated primarily in California today and is also known as Zinfandel or Crljenak, a very old Croatian grape. In 1999 the Californian oenologist Caroline Meredith initiated a DNA analysis which definitively proved that these three vines are, in fact, the same variety. Wine experts assume that the cultivar was imported to America from Southeast Europe.

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Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento 2017 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento 2017 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
Casa Vinicola Carlo BotterItalysemi-dry
9.14 £*
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£12.19 * / 1 liter(s))
70126-IT-RW-PR-001-13
Tip!
Sessantanni Primitivo di Manduria DOP 2014 - Cantine San Marzano
Sessantanni Primitivo di Manduria DOP 2014 - Cantine San Marzano
Cantine San MarzanoItalydry
31.04 £*
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£41.39 * / 1 liter(s))
70342-IT-RW-PR-503-11
Tip!
Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2016 - Pietra Pura
Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2016 - Pietra Pura
Pietra PuraItalydry
10.67 £* £11.03 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£14.23 * / 1 liter(s))
70015-IT-RW-PR-005-11
Tip!
I Tratturi Primitivo Puglia IGT 2017 - Cantine San Marzano
I Tratturi Primitivo Puglia IGT 2017 - Cantine San Marzano
Cantine San MarzanoItalydry
8.02 £* £8.61 *
Content 0.75 Flasche(n) (£10.69 * / 1 Flasche(n))
70342-IT-RW-PR-501-12
Koiné Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2015 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
Koiné Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2015 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
Casa Vinicola Carlo BotterItalydry
7.92 £*
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£10.56 * / 1 liter(s))
70217-IT-RW-PR-001-12
SUD Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2016 - Cantine San Marzano
SUD Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2016 - Cantine San Marzano
Cantine San MarzanoItalydry
11.44 £* £13.10 *
Content 0.75 Flasche(n) (£15.25 * / 1 Flasche(n))
70342-IT-RW-PR-502-12
6er Paket - Doppio Passo Primitivo 2017 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
6er Paket - Doppio Passo Primitivo 2017 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
Casa Vinicola Carlo BotterItalysemi-dry
53.58 £* £54.85 *
Content 4.5 liter(s) (£11.91 * / 1 liter(s))
70126-IT-RW-PR-001-6X
Zinfandel Heritage Vines Sonoma County 2014 - Rancho Zabaco
Zinfandel Heritage Vines Sonoma County 2014 - Rancho Zabaco
Rancho ZabacoUSAdry
15.52 £*
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£20.69 * / 1 liter(s))
70007-US-RW-ZI-629-10
Primitivo IGT Puglia 2016 - Mánnara
Primitivo IGT Puglia 2016 - Mánnara
MánnaraItalydry
6.31 £*
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£8.41 * / 1 liter(s))
70015-IT-RW-PR-001-12
Primitivo di Manduria Terre Avare DOC 2016 - Terre Avare - Cantine Francesco Minini
Primitivo di Manduria Terre Avare DOC 2016 - Terre Avare - Cantine Francesco Minini
Terre Avare - Cantine Francesco MininiItalydry
10.91 £*
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£14.55 * / 1 liter(s))
70125-IT-RW-PR-002-12
6er Paket - Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2016 - Pietra Pura
6er Paket - Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2016 - Pietra Pura
Pietra PuraItalydry
62.66 £* £66.17 *
Content 4.5 liter(s) (£13.92 * / 1 liter(s))
70015-IT-RW-PR-005-6X
Primitivo Puglia IGT 2016 - Mandorla
Primitivo Puglia IGT 2016 - Mandorla
MandorlaItalydry
6.60 £*
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£8.80 * / 1 liter(s))
70015-IT-RW-PR-008-13
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Primitivo Wine – Primary Wine Growing Regions

The variety was imported to North America around 1825 by the Long Island nurseryman George Gibbs. His ‘Imperial Collection’ included all of the grape varieties known in Austria-Hungary at the time. The name Zinfandel likely came about due to a mix-up with the name Zierfandler, which is a white grape variety native to Austria and has nothing to do with the Primitivo/ Zinfandel. 

Italian Primitivo wines come primarily from the Apulian wine growing regions Manduria and Puglia. One example is the popular Sessantanni Primitivo di Manduria from the DOC of the same name. Since the onset of the 1990s, Zinfandel cultivation has grown to an area of around 20 000 hectares. Zinfandel is an extremely popular wine grape variety in the USA, second only to the Cabernet Sauvignon.

Many Californian Zinfandels were originally considered low-priced mass products, however with selective crop reduction and the switch to traditional production methods, many wineries now produce international first-class wines. The Zinfandel is of no particular importance outside of Italy and the USA. Even hybrids or clones of this variety are practically unheard of.

 

The Optimum Terroir for Primitivo

The maritime climate in Apulia and along the Californian Pacific Coast is ideal for this variety. The vines thrive best in arid, well-drained soil and a warm but not hot, sunny location. Determining the optimal harvest time is a challenge for vintners as the grapes are very susceptible to botrytis cinerea (grey rot, noble rot). Because the grapes ripen unevenly, manual picking is generally unavoidable. 
High quality Primitivo and Zinfandel wines often reach an alcohol content of 13 to 15 per cent by volume. They unfold complex and rich aromas. Spice notes with hints of black pepper, cloves or cinnamon but also slightly metallic blackberry tones are characteristic for these wines. They are often matured for a very long time, however they shouldn’t be cellared for more than four to eight years. The classic  Primitivo/ Zinfandel is a bold, dry red wine, but rosés and blanc des noirs are also produced.

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