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Primitivo/ Zinfandel Wine

The red wine Primitivo is made from a red grape variety that is cultivated primarily in California today and is also known as Zinfandel or Crljenak, a very old Croatian grape. In 1999 the Californian oenologist Caroline Meredith initiated a DNA analysis which definitively proved that these three vines are, in fact, the same variety. Wine experts assume that the cultivar was imported to America from Southeast Europe.

Find out more...
1 From 5
Tip!
Doppio Passo Primitivo IGT Salento 2015 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
Doppio Passo Primitivo IGT Salento 2015 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
Casa Vinicola Carlo BotterItalysemi-dry
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£13.78 / 1 liter(s))
£10.33 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£13.78 / 1 liter(s))
70126-IT-RW-PR-001-13
Tip!
Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento IGT 2016 - CVCB
Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento IGT 2016 - CVCB
Casa Vinicola Carlo BotterItalysemi-dry
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£12.98 / 1 liter(s))
£9.73 * £9.87 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£12.98 / 1 liter(s))
70217-IT-RW-PR-001-16
6er Paket - Doppio Passo Primitivo IGT Salento 2016 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
6er Paket - Doppio Passo Primitivo IGT Salento 2016 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
Casa Vinicola Carlo BotterItalysemi-dry
Content 4.5 liter(s) (£13.46 / 1 liter(s))
£60.57 * £62.01 *
Content 4.5 liter(s) (£13.46 / 1 liter(s))
70126-IT-RW-PR-001-6X
3er Paket - Doppio Passo Primitivo IGT Salento 2016 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
3er Paket - Doppio Passo Primitivo IGT Salento 2016 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
Casa Vinicola Carlo BotterItalysemi-dry
Content 2.25 liter(s) (£13.63 / 1 liter(s))
£30.66 * £31.01 *
Content 2.25 liter(s) (£13.63 / 1 liter(s))
70126-IT-RW-PR-001-3X
6er Paket - Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2015 - Pietra Pura
6er Paket - Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2015 - Pietra Pura
Pietra PuraItalydry
Content 4.5 liter(s) (£15.74 / 1 liter(s))
£70.84 * £74.80 *
Content 4.5 liter(s) (£15.74 / 1 liter(s))
70015-IT-RW-PR-005-6X
Tip!
9er Paket - Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento IGT 2016 - CVCB
9er Paket - Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento IGT 2016 - CVCB
Casa Vinicola Carlo BotterItalysemi-dry
Content 6.75 liter(s) (£12.71 / 1 liter(s))
£85.79 * £88.80 *
Content 6.75 liter(s) (£12.71 / 1 liter(s))
70217-IT-RW-PR-001-16-9X
Tip!
Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2016 - Pietra Pura
Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2016 - Pietra Pura
Pietra PuraItalydry
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£16.09 / 1 liter(s))
£12.07 * £12.47 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£16.09 / 1 liter(s))
70015-IT-RW-PR-005-11
Tip!
3er Paket - Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento IGT 2016 - CVCB
3er Paket - Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento IGT 2016 - CVCB
Casa Vinicola Carlo BotterItalysemi-dry
Content 2.25 liter(s) (£12.88 / 1 liter(s))
£28.98 * £29.59 *
Content 2.25 liter(s) (£12.88 / 1 liter(s))
70217-IT-RW-PR-001-16-3X
Tip!
6er Paket - Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento IGT 2016 - CVCB
6er Paket - Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento IGT 2016 - CVCB
Casa Vinicola Carlo BotterItalysemi-dry
Content 4.5 liter(s) (£12.71 / 1 liter(s))
£57.19 * £59.20 *
Content 4.5 liter(s) (£12.71 / 1 liter(s))
70217-IT-RW-PR-001-16-6X
12er Paket - Doppio Passo Primitivo IGT Salento 2016 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
12er Paket - Doppio Passo Primitivo IGT Salento 2016 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
Casa Vinicola Carlo BotterItalysemi-dry
Content 9 liter(s) (£13.32 / 1 liter(s))
£119.85 * £124.02 *
Content 9 liter(s) (£13.32 / 1 liter(s))
70126-IT-RW-PR-001-12X
Zinfandel Heritage Vines Sonoma County 2014 - Rancho Zabaco
Zinfandel Heritage Vines Sonoma County 2014 - Rancho Zabaco
Rancho ZabacoUSAdry
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£23.04 / 1 liter(s))
£17.28 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£23.04 / 1 liter(s))
70007-US-RW-ZI-629-10
Primitivo Di Manduria IGT Salento 2014 - Palazzo Malgara
Primitivo Di Manduria IGT Salento 2014 - Palazzo Malgara
Palazzo MalgaraItalydry
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£13.68 / 1 liter(s))
£10.26 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£13.68 / 1 liter(s))
70009-IT-RW-PR-002-12
Tip!
Doppio Passo Primitivo IGT 1,5l Salento 2015 - CVCB
Doppio Passo Primitivo IGT 1,5l Salento 2015 - CVCB
Casa Vinicola Carlo BotterItalysemi-dry
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£24.94 / 1 liter(s))
£18.71 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£24.94 / 1 liter(s))
70217-IT-RW-PR-002-16-
3er Paket - Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2015 - Pietra Pura
3er Paket - Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2015 - Pietra Pura
Pietra PuraItalydry
Content 2.25 liter(s) (£16.05 / 1 liter(s))
£36.12 * £37.40 *
Content 2.25 liter(s) (£16.05 / 1 liter(s))
70015-IT-RW-PR-005-3X
Primitivo di Manduria 2014 DOC Costarossa - Surani
Primitivo di Manduria 2014 DOC Costarossa - Surani
SuraniItalydry
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£15.57 / 1 liter(s))
£11.67 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£15.57 / 1 liter(s))
70007-IT-RW-PR-925-11
12er Paket - Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2015 - Pietra Pura
12er Paket - Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2015 - Pietra Pura
Pietra PuraItalydry
Content 9 liter(s) (£15.60 / 1 liter(s))
£140.39 * £149.60 *
Content 9 liter(s) (£15.60 / 1 liter(s))
70015-IT-RW-PR-005-12X
Tip!
Doppio Passo Primitivo IGT 1,5l Salento 2016 - CVCB
Doppio Passo Primitivo IGT 1,5l Salento 2016 - CVCB
Casa Vinicola Carlo BotterItalysemi-dry
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£24.94 / 1 liter(s))
£18.71 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£24.94 / 1 liter(s))
70217-IT-RW-PR-002-16
Twisted Old Vine Zinfandel 2013 - Delicato Family Vineyards
Twisted Old Vine Zinfandel 2013 - Delicato Family Vineyards
Delicato Family Vineyards - Twisted Wine CellarsUSAdry
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£16.97 / 1 liter(s))
£12.73 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£16.97 / 1 liter(s))
70172-US-RW-BL-015-11
Il Mio Primitivo IGT Puglia 1,0 l 2015 - Collezione Il Mio
Il Mio Primitivo IGT Puglia 1,0 l 2015 - Collezione Il Mio
Collezione Il MioItalydry
Content 1 liter(s)
£8.45 *
Content 1 liter(s)
70015-IT-RW-PR-001-16
Old Vine Zinfandel Lodi 2014 - Gnarly Head
Old Vine Zinfandel Lodi 2014 - Gnarly Head
Gnarly HeadUSAdry
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£20.44 / 1 liter(s))
£15.33 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£20.44 / 1 liter(s))
70336-US-RW-PR-001-11
6er Probierpaket - Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento | Riserva | Bio
6er Probierpaket - Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento | Riserva | Bio
Casa Vinicola Carlo BotterItalysemi-dry
Content 4.5 liter(s) (£13.84 / 1 liter(s))
£62.27 * £64.60 *
Content 4.5 liter(s) (£13.84 / 1 liter(s))
70217-IT-PKT-DP-01
Koiné Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2015 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
Koiné Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2015 - Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
Casa Vinicola Carlo BotterItalydry
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£11.80 / 1 liter(s))
£8.85 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£11.80 / 1 liter(s))
70217-IT-RW-PR-001-12
SUD Primitivo di Manduria DOC Apulien 2014 - Cantine San Marzano
SUD Primitivo di Manduria DOC Apulien 2014 - Cantine San Marzano
Cantine San MarzanoItalydry
Content 0.75 Flasche(n) (£17.25 / 1 Flasche(n))
£12.94 * £14.81 *
Content 0.75 Flasche(n) (£17.25 / 1 Flasche(n))
70342-IT-RW-PR-502-12
Zinfandel Old Vine 2011 - Delicato Family Vineyards - Challis Lane Cellars
Zinfandel Old Vine 2011 - Delicato Family Vineyards - Challis Lane Cellars
Delicato Family Vineyards - Challis Lane CellarsUSAdry
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£17.14 / 1 liter(s))
£12.86 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£17.14 / 1 liter(s))
70172-US-RW-PR-002-11
1 From 5

Primitivo Wine – Primary Wine Growing Regions

The variety was imported to North America around 1825 by the Long Island nurseryman George Gibbs. His ‘Imperial Collection’ included all of the grape varieties known in Austria-Hungary at the time. The name Zinfandel likely came about due to a mix-up with the name Zierfandler, which is a white grape variety native to Austria and has nothing to do with the Primitivo/ Zinfandel. 

Italian Primitivo wines come primarily from the Apulian wine growing regions Manduria and Puglia. One example is the popular Sessantanni Primitivo di Manduria from the DOC of the same name. Since the onset of the 1990s, Zinfandel cultivation has grown to an area of around 20 000 hectares. Zinfandel is an extremely popular wine grape variety in the USA, second only to the Cabernet Sauvignon.

Many Californian Zinfandels were originally considered low-priced mass products, however with selective crop reduction and the switch to traditional production methods, many wineries now produce international first-class wines. The Zinfandel is of no particular importance outside of Italy and the USA. Even hybrids or clones of this variety are practically unheard of.

 

The Optimum Terroir for Primitivo

The maritime climate in Apulia and along the Californian Pacific Coast is ideal for this variety. The vines thrive best in arid, well-drained soil and a warm but not hot, sunny location. Determining the optimal harvest time is a challenge for vintners as the grapes are very susceptible to botrytis cinerea (grey rot, noble rot). Because the grapes ripen unevenly, manual picking is generally unavoidable. 
High quality Primitivo and Zinfandel wines often reach an alcohol content of 13 to 15 per cent by volume. They unfold complex and rich aromas. Spice notes with hints of black pepper, cloves or cinnamon but also slightly metallic blackberry tones are characteristic for these wines. They are often matured for a very long time, however they shouldn’t be cellared for more than four to eight years. The classic  Primitivo/ Zinfandel is a bold, dry red wine, but rosés and blanc des noirs are also produced.

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