Primitivo/ Zinfandel Wine

The red wine Primitivo is made from a red grape variety that is cultivated primarily in California today and is also known as Zinfandel or Crljenak, a very old Croatian grape. In 1999 the Californian oenologist Caroline Meredith initiated a DNA analysis which definitively proved that these three vines are, in fact, the same variety. Wine experts assume that the cultivar was imported to America from Southeast Europe.

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Zolla Primitivo di Manduria DOP 2016 - Vigneti del Salento
Zolla Primitivo di Manduria DOP 2016 - Vigneti del Salento
Farnese Vini
11.39 £*
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£15.19 * / 1 liter(s))
70697-IT-RW-PR-01-15
I Muri Primitivo Puglia IGP 2016 - Vigneti del Salento
I Muri Primitivo Puglia IGP 2016 - Vigneti del Salento
Farnese Vini
6.14 £* £7.70 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£8.19 * / 1 liter(s))
70336-IT-RW-PR-0012-14
Tip!
TANK No 32 Primitivo Appassimento 2017 - Cantine Minini
TANK No 32 Primitivo Appassimento 2017 - Cantine Minini
Cantine Minini
9.17 £* £9.54 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£12.23 * / 1 liter(s))
70125-IT-RW-PR-007-16
Tip!
Sessantanni Primitivo di Manduria DOP 2015 - Cantine San Marzano
Sessantanni Primitivo di Manduria DOP 2015 - Cantine San Marzano
Cantine San Marzano
34.38 £*
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£45.84 * / 1 liter(s))
70342-IT-RW-PR-503-11
Tip!
3er Vorteilspaket - I Muri Primitivo Puglia IGP 2016 - Vigneti del Salento
3er Vorteilspaket - I Muri Primitivo Puglia IGP 2016 - Vigneti del Salento
Farnese Vini
18.34 £* £23.11 *
Content 2.25 liter(s) (£8.15 * / 1 liter(s))
70336-IT-RW-PR-0012-3X-PKT
Tip!
3er Vorteilspaket - TANK No 32 Primitivo Appassimento 2017 - Cantine Minini
3er Vorteilspaket - TANK No 32 Primitivo Appassimento 2017 - Cantine Minini
Cantine Minini
27.25 £* £28.62 *
Content 2.25 liter(s) (£12.11 * / 1 liter(s))
70125-IT-RW-PR-007-3X-PKT
Tip!
Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2016 - Pietra Pura
Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2016 - Pietra Pura
Pietra Pura
10.67 £* £11.03 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£14.23 * / 1 liter(s))
70015-IT-RW-PR-005-11
Tip!
I Tratturi Primitivo Puglia IGT 2017 - Cantine San Marzano
I Tratturi Primitivo Puglia IGT 2017 - Cantine San Marzano
Cantine San Marzano
8.02 £* £8.61 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£10.69 * / 1 liter(s))
70342-IT-RW-PR-501-12
Tip!
Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento IGT 2017 - CVCB
Doppio Passo Primitivo Salento IGT 2017 - CVCB
Casa Vinicola Carlo Botter
8.61 £* £8.73 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£11.48 * / 1 liter(s))
70217-IT-RW-PR-001-16
Twin Oaks Zinfandel 2015 - Robert Mondavi
Twin Oaks Zinfandel 2015 - Robert Mondavi
Robert Mondavi Twin Oaks
8.27 £* £9.88 *
Content 0.75 liter(s) (£11.03 * / 1 liter(s))
70011-US-RW-ZI-003-11
6er Paket I Tratturi Primitivo Puglia IGT 2017 - Cantine San Marzano
6er Paket I Tratturi Primitivo Puglia IGT 2017 - Cantine San Marzano
Cantine San Marzano
46.91 £* £51.67 *
Content 4.5 liter(s) (£10.42 * / 1 liter(s))
70342-IT-RW-PR-501-6X
3er Paket - Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2016 - Pietra Pura
3er Paket - Mandus Primitivo di Manduria DOC 2016 - Pietra Pura
Pietra Pura
31.95 £* £33.09 *
Content 2.25 liter(s) (£14.20 * / 1 liter(s))
70015-IT-RW-PR-005-3X
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Primitivo Wine – Primary Wine Growing Regions

The variety was imported to North America around 1825 by the Long Island nurseryman George Gibbs. His ‘Imperial Collection’ included all of the grape varieties known in Austria-Hungary at the time. The name Zinfandel likely came about due to a mix-up with the name Zierfandler, which is a white grape variety native to Austria and has nothing to do with the Primitivo/ Zinfandel. 

Italian Primitivo wines come primarily from the Apulian wine growing regions Manduria and Puglia. One example is the popular Sessantanni Primitivo di Manduria from the DOC of the same name. Since the onset of the 1990s, Zinfandel cultivation has grown to an area of around 20 000 hectares. Zinfandel is an extremely popular wine grape variety in the USA, second only to the Cabernet Sauvignon.

Many Californian Zinfandels were originally considered low-priced mass products, however with selective crop reduction and the switch to traditional production methods, many wineries now produce international first-class wines. The Zinfandel is of no particular importance outside of Italy and the USA. Even hybrids or clones of this variety are practically unheard of.

 

The Optimum Terroir for Primitivo

The maritime climate in Apulia and along the Californian Pacific Coast is ideal for this variety. The vines thrive best in arid, well-drained soil and a warm but not hot, sunny location. Determining the optimal harvest time is a challenge for vintners as the grapes are very susceptible to botrytis cinerea (grey rot, noble rot). Because the grapes ripen unevenly, manual picking is generally unavoidable. 
High quality Primitivo and Zinfandel wines often reach an alcohol content of 13 to 15 per cent by volume. They unfold complex and rich aromas. Spice notes with hints of black pepper, cloves or cinnamon but also slightly metallic blackberry tones are characteristic for these wines. They are often matured for a very long time, however they shouldn’t be cellared for more than four to eight years. The classic  Primitivo/ Zinfandel is a bold, dry red wine, but rosés and blanc des noirs are also produced.

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